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Memories of 1645 - 48
Jan 17, '21

In my own words....




AT your being here I did conceave yow were defyreous to know (amongft my other miffortunes) how I came to be employed in my countrey's fervice againft James Grahame, and the other rebells who infefted this kingdome at that time ; and what I could alleadge for caufes, or rather means and midfes of his victories and my mif- fortunes in that employment ; wherein, for your fatiffaclion, yow lhall be pieafed to know, that I believe that God Almightie doth often fuffer the wicked to profper, or goe on fuccefsfullie in their wicked way, for their greater punifhment when their cup is full, and for reclaiming of his owne, whom he fuffereth for that end to be afflielcd by them ; in both which he is often pieafed to ule or- dmarie meanes. And therefore, by his providence, after the battle at andthe 5

Langmerfton, intakingof Newcaftle,( ) I returned to this countrey for doing my private bufinefs, and thereafter I went back into England ; bot being within twelve miles of Newcaftle (at Battlecaltle) I was overtaken by an exprefs, with letters from the


C ) Baillie elsewhere calls General Baillie his Cousin. He is designed as William Baillie of Lethem in Stirlingshire; and his commission in the army was ratified by Parliament, 11th June 1640. On the 14th September 1641, he presented a petition wasansweredbyacounter-petitionfromSirWilliamBaillit-ofLamington. (Vide Acts of Parl. vol. v. pp. 401, 4.J4, 457.) The titles of some unprinted Acts of Parliament contain, the ratificat on of a pension to him, 29th July 1644; a com- mission granted to him as Lieutenant-General, 8th March 1645 ; and approba-

tions of his conduct, 11th July, and 7th August, 1645, and 16th January 1646. 3 claiming to he declared righteous heir of Lamington," which

( ) The battle of Marston-muir took place on the 2d July, and the surrender of X.'wcastle, the !)th October, 1644.



Committee of Eftates, from the Generall, and fome of my noble

friends, requireing my returne to Edinburgh, for giving advyfe in bufinefs wherein the Kingdome was much concerned. I immedi-atelie obeyed the order ; and at my coining I found, that neither the Marquefs of Argyle, nor the Earle of Lowthian, could be per- fuaded to continue in their employment againft thole rebells, nor

could the Earle of Callander be induced to undertake the charge of that warre ; for which I was preffed, or rather forced, by the perfuafion of fome friends, to give obedience to the Eftate, and undertake the command of the countrie's forces, for perfewing its enemies : bot becaufe I would not confent to receave orders from the Marquefs of Argyle, (if cafuallie we mould have mett to- gether, ) after I had received commiffion to command in chieff over all the forces within the Kingdome, my Lord feemed to be dif- pleafed, and exprefled himfelfe fo unto fome, that if he lived, he mould remember it ; wherein his Lordihip indeed hath lupera-

bundantly been alfe good as his word. Xow, though the finding and ruining of thefe rebells hath been talked of as ealy, yet vow mall know, Sir, that I wes never enabled to doe the fame, neither by the forces given me, nor the provisions made unto me ; I never haveing at once and together above two thoui'and foot, nor above three hundred horfemen, before my lall difaiter at Killfyth, nor no artillerie at all fitt for intakeing any llrong lioufe, though often de- manded bv me of the Eftate.


Immediately after my unhappy engadgement, I wes commanded to march with all the infantrie towards Argyle, whether the rebells

had gone ; but when we were at Rofeneath, the Marquefs, hearing that they were marched to Lome and Lochaber, delyred, that in re-

gard of the feafon, (which wes in the beginning of January,) and [being] fcairced of victuals, a part of the foot might only be given to him to joyne with his owne in thefe parts ; whilk fo foone as or- dered by the Committee wes obeyed by me, giving to my Lord Marquefs lixteen companies of foot, confuting of eleven hundred men ; and returning with the reft to Perth, for the furetie of thefe pairts, as wes commanded by the Committee. This partie wes ruined with the lofle of many good gentlemen more at Inverlochie, about Candlemafs, as yow have heard. In the end of March, the


rebells returned through Murray, Aberdeenfhire, Mernes, and 6

Angus, to Dunkell. Before whilk tune, Sir John Hurrie( ) wes

6 Commission granted to General-Major Sir John Hurry, 8th March 1645.


feat unto me, to ferve with me as Generall-Major ; which, though I doubted nothing of his honeflie, I fo dillyked, that to fome, even then I told, that I would not have recommended him to the State and to their fervice for my right hand, which, if I were fuperllitious I might attribute to fomewhat elfe, haveing, fince our overthrow at Killfyth, learned, that when he wes fent over to [me] unto Perth, he wes defyred by fome to take heed lead any thing might be atcheived, where I wes prefent, whereby I might have honour ; which did appear clear enough by his not charging the rebells with our whole horfe at their retreat from Dundee ; nor yet would bring them up to me, from whence the rebells might have been charged in flank, notwithstanding I did require him to it at feverall tymes by the Laird of Brodie and Mr. Patrick Pittcairne, as they witneffed thereafter unto the Parliament at Sterling ; and yet, notwithftand- ing, he wes exonered there, and I charged for their efcape. Not long after, by order of Committee, he wes fent to Innernefs with fome twelve hundred foot and one hundred and fixty horfe, where all the foot perifhed at Aldearne ; and after that I wes returned, from ane unnecefiarie voyage into Athole by order of Committee, I wes appointed by them to goe the fame way with about two thoufand foot and one hundred horfe ; it happening, (as we learned

thereafter,) that the fame day that I crofied Carne in the Month, Hurrie wes beaten in Murray : I wes appointed to leave with the Earle of Crawfurd his owne regiment, with Cafifills's and Lauder- dale's, for the defence of the Low Countrey ; and the fame day that thefe one hundred horfe joyned with me, 1 marched from Cromarr towards Strathbogie, where the rebells were arryved the night before, and Generall-Major Hurrie joyned with me about a inyle from thence, with about one hundred horfe, who had faved themfelves with him at Aldearne. At our approach, the rebells drew unto the places of advantage about the yards and dykes, and I flood imbattled before them from four o'clock at night untill the morrow,judgeingthemtohavebeenaboutourownftrength. Upon the morrow, fo foone as it wes day, we found they were gone to- wards Balveny. We marched immediatelie after them, and came of in fight them about Glenlivett, be-weft Balveny fome few miles ; but that night they outmarched us, and quartered fome fex myles from us. On the next day early, we found they were diflodged, but could find no bodie to informe us of their march ; yet, by the

lying of the grafs and heather, we conjeelured they were marched to the wood of Abernethie upon Spey. Thither I marched, and


found them in the entrie of Badzenoch, a very ftrait country, where,

both for unacceffible rocks, woods, and the interposition of the river, it w-t-s irnpoflible for us to come at them. Here we lay, looking one upon ane another, (the enemie haveing their meall from Ruth- Yen in Badzenoch, and fleflies from the countrey, whereof we law none,) untill for want of meall, (other vielualls we had none,) the few horfemen profeffing they had not eaten in forty-eight hours, I wes neceffitate to march northward to Innernefs to be

fupplied there ; whilk done, I returned, crolled at Speymouth in boats, and came to Newtone in Garioch. (Here Hurrie, pretending indif- pofition, left me.) There I wes informed the rebells had been alfe farr fouth as Coupar in Angus, and were returned to Curgarfle, upon the head of Strathdon. At that time 1 receaved letters from iundries of my friends of the Committees of Eftates, fhewing me

how I wes cenfured for my How profecution of the warre, (without conlkleration had of the places they were to be found in, and of the forces and other provifions given me to find them out with :) they fhew me, my friends were wounded through my lides ; and that to be warie wes commendable, but that delayes in fubdueing the rebells wes a reall and fpeedie mine to the country, my friends, and mylelfe ; whereby I conceived they would have perfuaded me to think myfelfe either a pultron, or a traitor, or both ; whereupon I defyred Sir Charles Arnott, Lieutenant-Colonell to my Lord Elchow, who wes goeing fouth for his private buflnefs, to pray niy Lord Crawford, and fome others of my friends, to deall with the State to give the conduct of their forces to fome other, and recall me. By my letters likewife I returned anfuer, that I wes in no way enabled to performe that which they required of me ; that I wes alltogether unwilling to ruine the forces committed to my charge in waves both againll reaibn and common fence ; and there-

fore my humble intruaty wes, that I might be recalled, and fome one imployed who would undertake more and perform better. The next advyfe I had wes from the Earle Crawfurd, to meet him, with the forces that were with me, at the mylnes of Drum, upon Dee ; whilk I did ; and there his Lordfhip, with the Earl Marilhall, and Major Windrom of Libberton, produced the refolution and or- der of the great Committee, for imploying the Marquefs of Argyle, (who wes one of the figners of my order,) in purfuance of the re- bells through the hills, or whitherfoever they ihould goe ; and to this purpofe, appointed me to fend to his Lordihip thole who come from Ireland with Colonell Hume, who were then fome twelve hundred ftrong the Earlcs of Crawfurd and Lauderdale's ments, with fome four or five companies, upon the braes of Perth and Angus, and one hundred of Balcarras's horfe ; whereunto he wes to joyne all fuch forces as he could raife himfelfe in the High- lands. In exchange whereof, I wes appointed to take unto me the Earle of Caflills's regiment of foot, fome four hundred flrong ; whereby I wes reduced to betwixt twelve and thirteen hundred foot, and about two hundred and fixty horfemen of the Lord Bal- carras and Colonell Hackett's regiments ; wherewith, by the fame order of the great Committee, I wes appointed to guard the low countrey from the down-fallings of the enemie. This divifion be- ing made conforme to the order, the Lords went from me fouth- \vard. The Marquefs of Argyle refufed the imployment : his realbns I know not. The Earle of Crawfurd wes fent with thefe forces defigned for purfueing the enemie into Athole ; and I, by letter from the Committee, wes commanded of new (without re- gard had of my weaknefs) to find out the rebells. For which pur- pofe, (and for a conferrence betwixt Seaforth and the Lord Bal- carras, which failled,) I marched unto the Engzie, and from that back to the kirk of Keyth, where, in the evening, the rebells com- ing from the hills, prefented themfelves to fight; and I drew our fmall forces in order above the kirk, in a place of advantage, to attend their approach ; but they advanced not; but on the morrow marched unto Allfoord, where I arryved within two dayes, and wes neceffitate to buckle with the enemie, who were a little above our ftrength in horfemen, and twyfe als ftrong in foot. The Lord Balcarras's horfemen were divided in three fquadrons ; himfelfe

charged gallantlie with two of them upon the enemie's right wing, where their horfe were ; but the third, appointed for referve, when

I commanded them to fecond my Lord, and charge the enemie's horfe in the flank, they went ftraight up in their comrades reare, and there ftood untill they were all broken. Our foot ilood with myfelfe and behaved themfelves as became them, untill the enemie's horfe charged in our reare, and in front we were overcharged with their foot ; for they having fix in fyle, did overwing us, who, to equall their front, had made the half ranks advance, and fo re- ceavecl the charge at three deep. The enemie had likewife two bodies of referve, and thir were they, who by God's providence did ruine me, as may be prefumed, for want of thefe men who were formerlie by order taken from me, and of fuch proviiions, and other forces, as fince have been plentifullie furnifhed to others,

whereby they have had, through God's bleffing, happie and \vifhed fuccefle. Immediatelie hereafter I repaired to the Parliament, then to meet at Stirling, where I had ane exoneration and appro- bation for what wes paft ; yet in this Hurrie went before me. I would have dimitted my charge there ; but wes not fuffered untill the Parliament mould come to St. Johnftone. Many orders were for flrengthening the forces, for the better purfueing of the re-

but to fmall purpofe : all were ruined but thefe who had been in Athole with the Earle of Crawfurd, and of new none were brought in but fome three hundred by the Lord Chancellor, the Earles of Caffillis and Glencairne, and fome fixty horfemen under Colonell Harrie

with their whole forces, came to the wood of Methven ; and I, with the forces that were with me, (whereunto were added three new regiments, out of Fyfe), and the whole noblemen and gentlemen conveened there, marched towards them from the bridge of Earne : upon fight of us the enernie retired to the hills. I gave Hurrie order to advance with Balcarras's horfemen ; but he wes need- lefflie fo long in croffing the Powe, that I, with the foot, wes alfe foon at the foord of Almond (where the rebells croffed) as he with the horfe. After our 7 confideration of the many

prime men of Parliament, whereby I thought the countrey's fervice might fuffer, I dimitted my charge ; and in open Parliament it wes




In the time of the Parliament, the rebells,

returne,( ) upon

contefts and hot difputes, which were at every meeting betwixt the

received of me. I wes of new exonered and



thelefs, the Parliament defyred I Ihould continue with their forces,

without commilfion, untill the 8th of September ; which I would

have refused, alleadging, that whereas I wes fo overcharged with

afperfions while I ferved them with a commiffion, if any thing

mould now mifcarry, I wanting commiflion, and ferving as it were

at difcretion, my enemies would undoubtedlie take occafion to

charge me fair more. This wes not fatiffaclorie to the Parliament ;

and mv bed friends did adwfe me to condefcend to the Parlia-


ment's defyre : which I did, more for their fatiffaclion than my

owne ; wherein I mud acknowledge God's providence : and vow (hall find what followed in thefe other Papers.


(")InthemarginoftheMS. HerethethreeFyferegimentsdisbanded,and went home."

Jan 17, '21
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