Republic of Metz
Metz has a recorded history dating back over 2,000 years. Before the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar in 52 BC, it was the oppidum of the Celtic Mediomatrici tribe. Integrated into the Roman Empire, Metz became quickly one of the principal towns of Gaul with a population of 40,000, until the barbarian depredations and its transfer to the Franks about the end of the 5th century. Between the 6th and 8th centuries, the city was the residence of the Merovingian kings of Austrasia. After the Treaty of Verdun in 843, Metz became the capital of the Kingdom of Lotharingia and was ultimately integrated into the Holy Roman Empire, being granted semi-independent status. During the 12th century, Metz became a republic and the Republic of Metz stood until the 15th century.
With the signature of the Treaty of Chambord in 1552, Metz passed to the hands of the Kings of France. As the German Protestant Princes who traded Metz (alongside Toul and Verdun) for the promise of French military assistance, had no authority to cede territory of the Holy Roman Empire, the change of jurisdiction wasn't recognised by the Holy Roman Empire until the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648. Under French rule, Metz was selected as capital of the Three Bishoprics and became a strategic fortified town. With creation of the departments by the Estates-General of 1789, Metz was chosen as capital of the Department of Moselle. Although French-speaking, after the Franco-Prussian War and according to the Treaty of Frankfurt of 1871, the city was annexed into the German Empire, being part of the Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine and serving as capital of the Bezirk Lothringen.
Metz remained German until the end of World War I, when it reverted to France. However, after the Battle of France during the Second World War, the city was annexed once more by the German Third Reich. In 1944, the attack on the city by the U.S. Third Army freed the city from German rule and Metz reverted one more time to France after World War II.
During the 1950s, Metz was chosen to be the capital of the newly created Lorraine region. With the creation of the European Community and the later European Union, the city has become central to the Greater Region and the SaarLorLux Euroregion.
“I was suddenly aware that even though I had never physically been to Metz I had for some unknown reason a lifelong fascination with this part of France. Well I was here now and perhaps some answers would leap out at me over the next two days as we explored? I certainly had found it very easy to learn German as a boy, perhaps there was a tangible connection?” D’Arc Conspiracy (2012)
In March 2017 I went back to Metz to give a talk on my book “D’Arc Conspiracy” by coincident it gave me a chance to verify my soul memories.
They were all correct! I immediately felt at home Robert des Armoises had returned.
Pont Sainte-Barbe Metz
Sir Robert des Armoises was the Knight in charge of the Sainte Barbe Gate.
Cafe Jehanne d’Arc
Place Jeanne d'Arc
This date back to the 15th century, next door to Jehanne and Robert des Armoises used to live when in the city on duty.
We used to hear Mass in Église Sainte-Ségolène
église située en Moselle, en France.
SAINTE SEGOLENE CHURCH
Situated at the top of Sainte-Croix hill, the birthplace of the city, this church was rebuilt in the 13th century. During the first annexation of Metz to the German Empire, the facade and the bell tower were modified by architect Conrad Wahn. Inside, there is a 12th century stained glass window, the oldest in Lorraine, depicting a small crucifixion scene.