HOP-lytes(Ancient Greek: ὁπλίτης) were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields. Hoplite soldiers utilized the phalanx formation to be effective in war with fewer soldiers. The formation discouraged the soldiers from acting alone, for this would compromise the formation and minimize its strengths. The hoplites were primarily represented by free citizens – propertied farmers and artisans – who were able to afford the bronze armour suit and weapons (estimated at a third to a half of its able-bodied adult male population). Most hoplites were not professional soldiers and often lacked sufficient military training. Some states maintained a small elite professional unit, known as the epilektoi ("chosen") since they were picked from the regular citizen infantry. These existed at times in Athens, Argos, Thebes, and Syracuse, among others. Hoplite soldiers made up the bulk of ancient Greek armies.
In the 8th or 7th century BC, Greek armies adopted the phalanx formation. The formation proved successful in defeating the Persians when employed by the Athenians at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC during the First Greco-Persian War. The Persian archers and light troops who fought in the Battle of Marathon failed because their bows were too weak for their arrows to penetrate the wall of Greek shields that comprised the phalanx formation. The phalanx was also employed by the Greeks at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC and at the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC during the Second Greco-Persian War.
The word hoplite (Greek: ὁπλίτης hoplitēs; pl. ὁπλῖται hoplitai) derives from hoplon (ὅπλον, plural hopla ὅπλα), referring to the hoplite's equipment. Originally the term hoplon was believed to refer to the hoplite's shield, research has found the term aspis instead refers to the large round shield. In the modern Hellenic Army, the word hoplite (Greek: oπλίτης) is used to refer to an infantryman.
At the age of 10 (1964 - 1965), I remember feeling that I was connected to Sparta yet I was an Athenian! Mrs Manning the Headmaster wife taught us History, Geography and Singing/Music in the afternoons at St Lawrence Church of England School, Ramsgate, Kent.
Ramsgate (Romans’ gate) goes a long way back in History. It this situated of The Isle of Thanet (named after Thanatos the Greek god).
“In Greek mythology, Thanatos (/ˈθænətɒs/; Ancient Greek: Θάνατος, pronounced in Ancient Greek: [tʰánatos] "Death", from θνῄσκω thnēskō "to die, be dying" was the personification of death. He was a minor figure in Greek mythology, often referred to but rarely appearing in person.”
Island of the Dead!
Thanatos as a winged and sword-girt youth. Sculptured marble column drum from the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, c. 325–300 BC.
Theta, Poppy, Butterfly, Sword, Inverted Torch
Hypnos, Nemesis, Eris, Keres, Oneiroi, and many others
His name is transliterated in Latin as Thanatus, but his equivalent in Roman mythology is Mors or Letum. Mors is sometimes erroneously identified with Orcus, whose Greek equivalent was Horkos, God of the Oath.
The Fallen Hoplite
I bought this in the Island of Aegina Greek 1982. We often buy articles which mean something to do with our personal subconscious memory.
Aegina (/ˈɛɡinə/; Greek: Αίγινα, Aígina [ˈeʝina]; Ancient Greek: Αἴγινα) is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, 27 kilometres (17 miles) from Athens. Tradition derives the name from Aegina, the mother of the hero Aeacus, who was born on the island and became its king. During ancient times Aegina was a rival of Athens, the great sea power of the era.
It is approximately one hour boat ride from Piraeus to Aegina.