Born in sight of Chateau
Baron Samuel-François Lhéritier de Chézelles; (6 August 1772 – 23 August 1829) was a French soldier who rose through the ranks during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, eventually gaining promotion to the military rank of Général de Division:
Born in 6 August 1772
Angles-sur-l'Anglin, Poitou, France.
Angles-sur-l'Anglin is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It has been selected as one of the most beautiful villages of France.
While his initial career in the infantry branch and then General Staff during the French Revolutionary Wars was unremarkable having begun his military career in 1792, he joined the cavalry branch on a permanent basis in 1803 and subsequently saw steady promotion and was given various commands of heavy cavalry units.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel-François_Lhéritier
Vive le Revolution!
Samuel-François Lhéritier enlistment coincides with the The National Convention (French: Convention nationale) was a parliament of the French Revolution, following the two-year National Constituent Assembly and the one-year Legislative Assembly. Created after the great insurrection of 10 August 1792, it was the first French government organized as a republic, abandoning the monarchy altogether. The Convention sat as a single-chamber assembly from 20 September 1792 to 26 October 1795 (4 Brumaire IV under the Convention's adopted calendar).
On 23 August 1793, at Carnot's insistence, the Convention issued the following proclamation ordering a levée en masse
"From this moment until such time as its enemies shall have been driven from the soil of the Republic all Frenchmen are in permanent requisition for the services of the armies. The young men shall fight; the married men shall forge arms and transport provisions; the women shall make tents and clothes and shall serve in the hospitals; the children shall turn linen into lint; the old men shall betake themselves to the public squares in order to arouse the courage of the warriors and preach hatred of kings and the unity of the Republic"
All unmarried able bodied men aged between 18 and 25 were to report immediately for military service. Those married, as well as the remaining men, women and children, were to focus their efforts on arming and supplying the army.
This increased the size of the Revolutionary Armies dramatically, providing the armies in the field with the manpower to hold off the enemy attacks. Carnot was hailed by the government as the Organizer of Victory. By September 1794, the Revolutionary Army had 1,500,000 men under arms. Carnot's levée en masse had provided so much manpower that it was not necessary to repeat it again until 1797.
If my memory serves correctly I sign on in Tours and was assigned as a grenadier because of my height. We were posted to Army of Rhine because of the Army policy of distancing you from the civilians in your part of the country in case you were ordered to fire of them.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolutionary_Armyhttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_Centrehttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_Mosellehttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_Rhine_(1791–1795)
Lhéritier joined the army on 26 September 1792, aged 20 and he would spend his first years of service fighting in the French Revolutionary Wars, with action taking place mainly on the Rhine.
Upon joining the army, he was at first commissioned as a mere grenadier in the 3rd Indre-et-Loire battalion, before being promoted to Corporal, in command of the battalion's grenadiers (22 December 1792).
The next year, on 18 August 1793, he was appointed secretary to the General Staff of the Army of the Rhine and then provisional deputy of the general adjutants of the army, with the rank of Sub-lieutenant of infantry (17 May 1794), his first junior officer rank. His rank as Sub-lieutenant was at first provisional and was only rendered permanent two and a half years later, on 4 December 1796. On 2 January 1797, he was appointed aide-de-camp to General Jacques Nicolas Bellavène and saw rapid promotion, first to Lieutenant on 3 April 1797 and then to Captain on 5 October 1797. With his second promotion came a new General Staff position, this time with General Jean Boudet's command.
On 14 June 1800, Captain Lhéritier fought at the decisive Battle of Marengo, where he collected a severe thigh wound. Six weeks after the battle, on 28 July 1800, he was transferred from the General Staff to the Cavalry branch of the army and was attached to the 6th Dragoons. Completely healed from his injury on 23 October of that year, he was detached from his regiment and, from November reassumed staff duties, as aide-de-camp to General Jean Ambroise Baston de Lariboisière. However, he soon moved back to cavalry, as, on 19 September 1801 he was promoted to Squadron Commander in the 9th Cavalry. Following the various reforms of the cavalry branch during this period of peace, Lhéritier was again commissioned aide-de-camp on 16 December 1801, a position that he held until 26 August 1803, when he was decommissioned. He resumed service a few months later, on 13 October 1803 and on 15 December of that year, he was given a position in the 11th Cuirassiers, a regiment that had been created in 1803 from what used to be the 11th Cavalry.