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Kurt Max Franz Daluege
Aug 16, '20
1

Dipl.-Ing.

Kurt Max Franz Daluege

SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer und Generaloberst der Polizei











Born: 15.09.1897 in Kreuzburg / Regierungsbezirk Oppeln / Oberschlesien.

Executed:24.10.1946 at Pankrác Prison, Prague (hanged).

NSDAP-Nr.: 31 981 (Joined 12.03.1926)

SS-Nr.: 1 119 (Joined 25.07.1930)

Promotions:

25.10.1917 Vizefeldwebel und Offiziersanwärter

01.11.1926-01.11.1930 Stellvertretender Gauleiter der NSDAP

25.07.1930 SS-Mann

26.02.1931 SS-Oberführer (mit Wirkung vom 25.07.1930)

01.07.1932 SS-Gruppenführer

11.05.1933 Ministerialdirektor

14.09.1933 Generalmajor der Landespolizei

27.08.1934 SS-Obergruppenführer (mit Wirkung vom 09.09.1934)

20.04.1935 Generalleutnant der Landespolizei

17.06.1936 General der Polizei

20.04.1942 SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer und Generaloberst der Polizei






Career:

ca. 1902-ca. 1906 Attended Volksschule in Breslau and Frankfurt am Oder.

ca. 1906-00.01.1916 Attended Realgymnasium in Frankfurt am Oder (graduated Oberprima and passed his Notabitur).

00.00.19__-00.00.19__ Member of the “Wandervogel” youth movement.

00.00.1916-00.11.1918 Entered service as Kriegsfreiwilliger, assigned successively to 2.Garde-Infanterie-Regiment zu Fuss; 3.Ersatz-MG-Kompanie / Gardekorps; and 2.MG-Kompanie / II.MG-Abteilung / 7.Garde-Infanterie-Regiment (service on the Eastern and Western Fronts, including Verdun).

15.10.1917-14.02.1918 Attended an officer training course in Döberitz.

00.04.1918-ca. 10.1918 Severely wounded in the head and shoulder, then hospitalized in Frankfurt am Oder.

00.12.1918-00.11.1922 Service with the paramilitary “Selbstschutzes Oberschlesien” (SSOS / Upper Silesian Self Defense), engaging in combat with Polish insurgents in Oberschlesien.

00.00.1919-00.00.1920 Obtained practical experience in mechanical engineering.

00.00.1921-00.00.1924 Studied construction engineering at the Technischen Hochschule Berlin-Charlottenburg.

00.00.1922-00.00.1923 Kommandeur of an Abteilung in Freikorps “Rossbach” in Oberschlesien and Berlin.

00.00.1922 Joined the “Deutschvölkischen Schutz- und Trutzbund.”

00.00.1922 Joined the NSDAP.

00.11.1923 Entered the “Grossdeutsche Arbeiterpartei” (covername for the now-illegal NSDAP).

00.08.1924-22.03.1926 Founding member and Führer of Ortsgruppe Nord (Berlin) of Ernst Röhm’s “Frontbann.”

00.00.1924 Member of the “Deutschvölkischen Freiheitsbewegung” (DVFB / German-Folkish Freedom Movement).

00.00.1924 Passed his state examinations as Diplom-Ingenieur.

00.00.1924-00.00.1927 Employed as a statistician for “Eisenbahn-, Hallen- und Turmbau” (an ironworks); as a technical and merchandising assistant in the “Preussischen Landwirtschaftsministerium” (Prussian Ministry of Agriculture; and as Bauleiter (director of construction) for canals and railways.

12.03.1926 Reenrolled in the NSDAP.

22.03.1926 As Führer of Ortsgruppe Nord (Berlin) of Frontbann, integrated the Berlin local group of Frontbann into the SA, initially under the cover name “Sportsabteilungen.”

22.03.1926-21.06.1928 “Führer der SA-Berlin” (under the cover name “Führer des Sportverbandes der NSDAP”, due to the Weimar Government’s ban on the SA; the “Sportverband” was composed of “Sportsabteilungen.” He was confirmed in this post by Dr. Ernst Schlange, with Waldemar Geyer as his deputy. Succeeded by Hauptmann Walter Stennes.

01.11.1926-01.10.1928 "Stellvertretender Gauleiter des Gaues Berlin-Brandenburg" (under Gauleiter Dr. Joseph Goebbels). Succeeded Erich Schmiedicke when the Gau Gross-Berlin was combined with Gau Potsdam and placed under Dr. Goebbels.

00.00.1927-00.01.1933 Assigned as a department head responsible for construction projects with the municipal garbage disposal service, Berlin.

01.10.1928-01.11.1930 Stellvertretender Gauleiter of "Gau Gross-Berlin der NSDAP" (the former Gau Berlin-Brandenburg, split into Gau Gross-Berlin under Dr. Goebbels and Gau Brandenburg [covering Regierungsbezirk Potsdam] under Emil Holtz). Succeeded by Dr. Hans Meinshausen.

00.07.1929-00.07.1930 Assigned as Führer z.b.V. to the “Reichsführung der SA.”

00.07.1930 Left the SA.

25.07.1930 Joined the SS. Historian Ignacio Arrondo writes: “Many sources [even some documents in his SS file] say he served in the SS from 1928, or from 25. July 1930, which I think is not true. His SS number [1 119] corresponds to the end of 1927, when he certainly still was leading the SA while the Berlin SS was led by Walter Wolter. So I think his SS number was ‘retroactive’ or ‘honorary’, not real.”

26.02.1931-01.07.1932 Führer (m.d.F.b.) of SS-Oberführer-Abschnitt III “Ost” (with effect from 01.03.1931; HQ: Berlin). Succeeded Kurt Wege, who remained as Daluege’s Stabsleiter for the post. Succeeded by Max Henze.

01.04.1931-11.07.1932 Head of the “NSD-Arbeitsvereins e.V.” (a National-Socialist labor society).

17./18.10.1931 Participated in the SA Rally at Braunschweig.

16.02.1932-00.00.193_ Assigned as SS-Oberführer to the “Sektion Reichsleitung” (with effect from 01.01.1932).

15.03.1932-13.04.1932 Führer of SS-Gruppe “Ost.” Succeeded Kurt Wege. Succeeded by “Sepp” Dietrich.

24.04.1932-14.10.1933 Member of the Preussischen Landtag (Wahlkreis 4, Potsdam I).

00.05.1932-00.03.1933 Vorsitzender of the “Ausschusses zur Pflege der Leibesübungen” (Committee for the Cultivation of Physical Training).

00.05.1932-00.03.1933 Member of the “Chicago”-Untersuchungsausschusses (Investigative Committee).

00.05.1932-00.03.1933 Member and reporter of the “Polizeiuntersuchungsausschusses” (Police Investigative Committee, also known as the “Daluegen-Ausschuss”) and “Referent für Polizeifragen” (Advisor for Police Questions) to the NSDAP Faction of the “Preussischen Landtages”.

01.07.1932-01.10.1933 Führer of SS-Gruppe “Ost” (Berlin). Succeeded by Kurt Wege.

06.02.1933-30.03.1933 Staatskommissar z.b.V. (State Commissioner for Special Duties, appointed by order of Hermann Göring) and Leiter of “Sonderabteilung Daluege” in the “Preussischen Ministerium des Innern.”

30.03.1933-00.03.1934 “Staatskommissar ohne Geschäftsbereich” (State Commissioner without Portfolio) in the Prussian Government.

11.05.1933-01.11.1934 Entered the civil service as Ministerialdirektor and Leiter of Abteilung II (Polizeiabteilung) in the “Preussischen Ministerium des Innern”. His close subordinate Hans Bernd Gisevius (then an official of the Gestapo) describes Daluege during this period:

“I had the opportunity to follow [Daluege’s] career closely for about two years, from the middle of 1933 to the middle of 1935, and honesty forces me to say that he had his good points. His reputation was for a long time worse than his behavior. I might put it that he was not the type of an utterly lost soul, but rather the model of one utterly corrupted. Stupid, immeasurably vain, but on the other hand neither hungry for power nor steeped in falsehood, his first reaction was usually decent, never malicious. If one took instant advantage of this reaction- if, for example, one had taken the precaution of bringing documents for signature- he often let himself be persuaded to take steps that required amazing courage. It was only when he had a chance to make calculations that he became a scoundrel. For if he were given time to consider what his Führer really thought, or what Goebbels might reply, or whether Göring agreed, or how Himmler would behave, or whether his own action might endanger his position- the hope was lost.” (Source: Gisevius, To the Bitter End, pp. 138-139)

00.06.1933-14.02.1934 “Stellvertretender Bevollmächtigter Preussens” (Deputy Plenipotentiary for Prussia), under Hermann Göring, in the Reichsrat (Reich Council).

11.08.1933-13.08.1933 Together with Heinrich Himmler, Ernst Röhm, and other SS and SA leaders, attended the "1.Schutzstaffel-Appell der SS-Gruppe Ost" in Berlin.

10.07.1933-08.05.1945 Preussischer Staatsrat.

14.09.1933-15.09.1936 Entered the Preussische Landespolizei (Prussian State Police), assigned as “Befehlshaber der (kasernierten) Polizei in Preussen” (Commander of the [barracks-housed] Police in Prussia).

01.10.1933-01.04.1936 Assigned as Führer z.b.V. to the RFSS.

12.11.1933-08.05.1945 Member of the Reichstag (for Wahlkreis 3, Potsdam II; later for Berlin Ost).

12.01.1934 Attended the birthday celebration for Hermann Göring in Berlin.

09.03.1934 Appointed by Ministerpräsident Göring as "Obersten Leiter der Landespolizei in Preussen" ("mit der Wahrnehmun der laufenden Geschäfte beauftragt").

11.05.1934-01.11.1934 Leiter of the Polizeiabteilung in the "Reichsministerium des Innern".

01.07.1934-10.07.1934 Kommissarischer Führer (acting leader) of five SA-Gruppen, as follows (given intermediate command due to vacancies brought about by the purge of the SA):

01.07.1934-24.07.1934 SA-Gruppe “Berlin-Brandenburg.” Succeeded SA-Gruppenführer Karl Ernst (executed) and succeeded by SA-Obergruppenführer Dietrich von Jagow.

01.07.1934-10.07.1934 SA-Gruppe “Mitte.” Succeeded SA-Gruppenführer Konrad Schragmüller (executed); Succeeded by SA-Brigadeführer Adolf Kob. This command was later redesignated SA-Gruppe “Elbe.”

01.07.1934-02.07.1934 SA-Gruppe “Pommern.” Succeeded SA-Brigadeführer Hans-Peter von Heydebreck (executed). Succeeded by SA-Gruppenführer Hans Friedrich.

01.07.1934-04.07.1934 SA-Gruppe “Schlesien.” Succeeded SA-Obergruppenführer Edmund Heines (executed). Succeeded by SA-Brigadeführer Otto Herzog.

01.07.1934-10.07.1934 SA-Gruppe “Ostmark.” Succeeded SA-Brigadeführer Fritz Adam. Succeeded by SA-

Brigadeführer Arno Manthey.

01.11.1934-00.06.1936 Leiter of Abteilung III (Polizeiabteilung or Abteilung für Polizeifragen / Department for Police Questions) in the “Reichs- und Preussischen Ministerien des Innern.” Appointed when the Reich and Prussian Interior Ministries were combined under Wilhelm Frick, assigned the task of centralizing the Reich’s nonpolitical police).

17.06.1935-22.06.1935 Head of the German Delegation to the 11th Assembly of the "Internationalen Kriminalpolizeilichen Kommission" (IKPK or Interpol, the International Criminal Police Commission) in Copenhagen.

00.00.1935 Appointed as Vizepräsident of the "Internationalen Kriminalpolizeilichen Kommission".

00.00.1936-00.00.1944 Member of the “Ausschusses für Polizeirecht der Akademie für Deutsches Recht” (Committee for Police Law of the Academy of German Law).

00.03.1936 Suffered his first heart attack. His health problems were the subject of rumors throughout the SS- it was alleged that he was impotent and mentally unstable due to syphilis. The impotence rumor was quashed when Frau Daluege gave birth to a son in 1938, however speculation continued to exist that Daluege’s alleged mental problems and lack of intelligence (he was known in some circles by the unflattering nickname “Dummi-Dummi”) had been brought about by venereal disease. The U.S. Army psychiatrist Dr. Leon Goldensohn, who interviewed Daluege on 26.01.1946, confirms the syphilis rumor in The Nuremberg Interviews, pp. 277-278:

"He said that he inherited syphilis from his father, but it was not discovered until he was thirty-six. He has taken yearly treatments for the past ten years. His father lived to be seventy-three, had syphilis for years, but it never affected his health. Daluege was told that his syphilis was inherited and that it was unusual for the type of syphilis he had to go undiscovered for many years without symptoms. During the first ten years of his marriage, he was childless, and thought that the syphilis caused him to be sterile. However, after a few years of treatment, he was able to have children."

01.04.1936-08.05.1945 Assigned to the Stab Reichsführer-SS as a Hauptamtschef.

12.05.1936-31.05.1936 Head of the German delegation to the 12th Conference of the International Criminal Police Commission in Belgrade.

17.06.1936-31.08.1943 Vertreter (Deputy) to the “Chef der Deutschen Polizei” (in the event of Himmler’s absence).

17.06.1936-08.05.1945 “Chef der Deutschen Ordnungspolizei” (Chief of the German Order Police), and as such, Chef of Hauptamt Ordnungspolizei (Main Office-Order Police). In accordance with a decree issued by Himmler on 26.06.1936 ("Geschäftsverteilung im Geschäftsbereich des Chefs der Deutschen Polizei" / Division of Duties in the Office of the Chief of the German Police), the following were placed under Daluege's control: Schutzpolizei, Gendarmerie, Gemeindepolizei, and Verwalungspolizei, and- eventually- the Feuerschutzpolizei; Reinhard Heydrich was given command of the Sicherheitspolizei, comprising the Kriminalpolizei (Kripo) and Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo). Due to his illness (he fell ill with a disease similar to multiple sclerosis, suffering two successive heart attacks in May and June 1943), he was on extended leave from 30.07.1943 onward; although he retained the title, his duties were undertaken by Heinrich Himmler from 30.07.1943 to 31.08.1943, then by Alfred Wünnenberg until the end of the war.

26.06.1936 Issued a decree entitled "Geschäftsverteilung im Geschäftsbereich des Chefs der Deutschen Polizei" (Division of Duties in the Office of the Chief of the German Police), which divided the police into two main branches: The Ordnungspolizei (Orpo or regular police) and the Sicherheitspolizei (Sipo, or Security Police). The Ordnungspolizei- under Kurt Daluege- oversaw the Schutzpolizei, Gendarmerie, Gemeindepolizei, and Verwaltungspolizei, while the Sicherheitspolziei- under Reinhard Heydrich- controlled the Kriminalpolizei (Kripo)and Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo).

00.00.1936-00.00.1944 Member of the “Ausschusses für Polizeirecht” (Committee for Police Law) of the “Akademie für Deutsches Recht” in München.

17.10.1936-22.10.1936 Visit to Rome together with Reinhard Heydrich for the purpose of studying the organization of the police in the Italian capital. On 21.10.1936, they were joined by Heinrich Himmler.

17.10.1937-20.10.1937 Together with Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich, and Karl Wolff, attended ceremonies in Rome marking the 12th anniversary of the Italian fascist police corps. The four SS leaders met with Benito Mussolini on 18.10.1937.

28.02.1938 Attended the “Ski-Meisterschaften der Polizei” (Skiing Championships of the Police) at the newly-opened Polizei-Skischule on the Oberjoch im Allgäu, together with Reichsminister Dr. Frick and Himmler.

16.03.1938 Attended the ceremonial swearing-in of Austrian policemen into the German Police on the Heldenplatz in Wien (also attended by Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich, Dr. Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Dr. Hugo Jury, Josef Fitzthum, and others).

18.10.1938 Visit to Rome, together with Himmler and Heydrich, to attend the "Day of the Italian Police".

12.11.1938 Together with Heydrich, Dr. Goebbels, and other officials, attended an interministerial meeting (from 1100 to 1440 hours) on “the Jewish Question” at the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (Reich Aviation Ministry), Berlin, chaired by Hermann Göring.

07.02.1939 Appointed as a member of the “deutschen Olympischen Ausschusses” (German Olympic Committee in preparation for the planned 1940 Olympic Games in St. Moritz and Helsinki).

1941 Dates of selected meetings with Heinrich Himmler during that year (Source: Dienstkalender Heinrich Himmlers, 1941/1942):

10.01.1941; 16.01.1941 (re: "[RAF] air raid on Wilhelmshaven", night of 16.01.1941); 18.02.1941 (re: "Ordnungspolizei"); 08.03.1941; 14.03.1941; 15.03.1941 (with Reinhard Heydrich and Karl Wolff); 25.03.1941 (with Heydrich; conference on the operations of the Ordnungspolizei and Sicherheitspolizei in the coming war with the Soviet Union); 05.04.1941; 08.04.1941 (re: Operation Barbarossa); 16.04.1941 (conference in Graz, also attended by Wolff, Heydrich, Hans Jüttner, and General Eduard Wagner); 29.04.1941; 10.06.1941; 21.06.1941; 08.07.1941 (in Bialystok); 03.09.1941 (at Hegewald); 15.09.1941 (on the occasion of Daluege's birthday); 07.10.1941 (birthday party for Himmler, together with other senior SS leaders); 08.10.1941; 09.10.1941; 08.11.1941; 27.11.1941; 05.12.1941 (re: SS-Polizei-Division); 06.12.1941; 18.12.1941; and 19.12.1941

16.04.1941 Attended a conference in Graz together with Himmler, Heydrich, Karl Wolff, Hans Jüttner, and the Army’s Generalquartiermeister Eduard Wagner concerning the goals of SS and Police / Wehrmacht cooperation in the imminent invasion of the Soviet Union.

01.07.1941 Visit to Bialystok with Himmler. There they met with Erich von dem Bach, according to whose postwar account Himmler gave the order to shoot 2,000 Jews for alleged looting. Von dem Bach then directed the commander of a Polizei-Regiment to shoot as "looters" all the male Jews aged 17 to 45.

08.07.1941 Again visited Bialystok with Himmler, the two meeting with Erich von dem Bach, General Max von Schenckendorf (Rear Army Commander for Heeresgruppe Mitte), Oberst der Schutzpolizei Max Montua (Kommandeur of Polizei-Regiment Mitte), and officers of the SD, Polizei-Bataillon 316, and Polizei-Bataillon 322. According to the postwar testimony of von dem Bach, Himmler ordered that “basically every Jew was to be regarded as a partisan.”

12.01.1941 Attended a birthday celebration for Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring in Berlin, together with Himmler, Heydrich, Werner Lorenz, and Karl Wolff.

20.03.1941 Attended the opening of the exposition “Planung und Aufbau im Osten” (Planning and Reconstruction in the East), Berlin. Other notable attendess were Himmler, Heydrich, Rudolf Hess, Philipp Bouhler, Ulrich Greifelt, Dr.-Ing. Fritz Todt, and Prof. Konrad Meyer-Hetling.

13.05.1941-06.06.1941 Underwent a cure in Konstanz / Baden.

12.06.1941-15.06.1941 Together with 11 other senior SS officers, attended a conference chaired by Heinrich Himmler at Wewelsburg, during which the Reichsführer-SS explained that the primary purpose of the coming war with the Soviet Union was the decimation of the slavic race in the Soviet Union (numbering approximately 30 million people).

24.07.1941 Personally observed the shooting, by Polizei-Bataillon 307, of 4,435 Jews near Brest-Litowsk.

29.08.1941-01.09.1941 Visit to Minsk regarding the transfer of authority there from the military to a civil administration (under Generalkommissar Wilhelm Kube). During this visit, he and Erich von dem Bach observed the shooting of 2,278 Jews (including women) by Polizei-Bataillon 322 at Berditschew. After meeting with Himmler at Hegewald on 03.09.1941, Daluege ordered the Einbeziehung der Orpo bei der Erschiessung von Sowjetischen Kriegsgefangen im GG an... Daluege Traf Himmler zwiscehn zwei Reisen in die besetzten sowjetischen Gebiete. Vom 26.-29.08. hatte Daluege Prützmann, Lohse, Kube und die SS-Polizeidivision in Riga, Pskow, Kaunas und Minsk besucht. Am 4.9.1941 flog Daluege nach Berditschew, um Jeckeln zu treffen. Von dort aus wollte er noch am 4.9. nach Lublin, um dort mit Globocnik zu sprechen, der sich jedoch gerade in Starokonstantinow aufhielt...

24.10.1941 Signed the following deportation order for Jews from Germany, Austria, and the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia & Moravia to Riga and Minsk (25,000 Jews from those areas arrived in Riga and a further 7,000 in Minsk during November and December 1941):

“Berlin, 24.10.1941

NW 7, Unter den Linden 74

Chef der Ordnungspolizei

Kdo.g2(01) Nr. 514 II/41(g)

Secret!

Express Letter

Subject: Evacuation of Jews from the Altreich and the Protectorate.

1) During the period 1.11. to 4.12.1941, the Sicherheitspolizei of the Altreich, the Ostmark and the “Reichsprotektorat Böhmen und Mähren” will ship 50,000 Jews to the East into the vicinities of Riga and Minsk. Resettlement will take place by means of the Reichsbahn, with each train carrying 1,000 persons. The transport trains will be assembled in Berlin, Hamburg, Hannover, Dortmund, Münster, Düsseldorf, Köln, Frankfurt/Main, Kassel, Stuttgart, Nürnberg, München, Wien, Breslau, Prague, and Brünn.

2) Based on agreements with the Chief of the Sicherheitspolizei and Sicherheitsdienst, the transport trains will be guarded by Ordnungspolizei, which will furnish escort units, each 1 [person in command] to 12 [policemen] in strength. Details must be worked out with the appropriate local administrative branches of the Sicherheitsdienst.

The task of the escort units will be completed as soon as they have delivered the transports properly to the appropriate Sicherheitspolizei branches at the places of destination. They will then return without delay to their home stations.

3) The costs arising from furnishing escort units will be born by the Chief of the Sicherheitspolizei. An account of the costs incurred by the police administrations is to be handed in to the Chief of the Sicherheitspolizei at the termination of each transport.

[Signed] Daluege”

27.05.1942-04.06.1942 “Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (m.d.F.d.G.b. until 04.06.1942, then geschäftsführender [acting] Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor) in Böhmen und Mähren” (as representative for the hospitalized and mortally wounded Reinhard Heydrich). Karl-Hermann Frank was initially granted the post by Hitler at 1230 hours on the day Reinhard Heydrich was attacked in Prague, but the same evening, Daluege arrived in the city to oversee the investigation into the attack and he was given the title.

04.06.1942-20.08.1943 “(geschäftsführender) Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor in Böhmen und Mähren” ([acting] Deputy Reich Protector in Bohemia & Moravia). Placed on extended leave due to illness from 30.06.1943.

03.07.1942 Together with SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS Kurt Knoblauch, attended a conference in Gorenjsko / Oberkrain concerning SS and Police anti-partisan operations in that area (pursuant to Himmler’s order for the brutal suppression of partisans in Slovenia. Also in attendance were Dr. Friedrich Rainer (Gauleiter and Chef der Zivilverwaltung), Erwin Rösener (the HSSPF Alpenland), Karl-Heinrich Brenner (BdO Alpenland), Dr. Walther Blume (BdS Oberkrain und Untersteiermark), Hermann Franz (Kommandeur of Polizei-Gebirgs-Regiment 18), and Oberregierungsrat Dr. Helmut Hierzegger. The conferees decided upon concrete measures for a police action in Gorenjsko, including a three-month period of martial law during which ten villages were burnt and razed to the ground, several hundred Slovenes were executed as hostages, etc.

09.07.1942 Attended a conference led by Heinrich Himmler concerning the centralization and enlargement of the campaign against partisans, “Einsatz Reinhard” (the extermination of Jews in the Lublin District of the Generalgouvernement), and other matters relating to SS and Polizei policy in the East. Other attendees included Erich von dem Bach, Hans-Adolf Prützmann, Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger, Odilo Globocnik, Bruno Streckenbach, Kurt Knoblauch, Georg Jedicke, Dr. Eberhard Schöngarth, and Carl Zenner.

28.04.1943 Official visit to Oslo.

17.08.1943 Submitted a formal request for sick leave from the post of Chef der Ordnungzpolizei. This was approved by order of the Führer on 31.08.1943. He spent the remainder of the war on his estate at Doberschisch in eastern Germany.

04.10.1943 In his "Posen Speech" to the senior SS leadership, Himmler stated:

"Our old friend [Kurt] Daluege has such a serious heart problem that he is taking a cure, and must now withdraw from active service for 1 and a half to 2 years. I would like to send a teletype or telegram this evening to our two friends, namely Daluege and Kaltenbrunner, on behalf of all of us. We hope that Daluege will be well again and able to go into action on the frontline again in, as I say, approximately 2 years.”

24.05.1944 Became owner of the estate Ilsenau in Reichsgau Wartheland (valued at 610.000 Reichsmark and covering 492.25 hectares).

Postwar Prosecution:

Arrested by British troops in Lübeck, 00.05.1945. Held at the Allied internment and interrogation center “Ashcan” at the Palace Hotel in Mondorf-les-Bains, Luxembourg, then at Nürnberg where he was charged as a major war criminal. Extradited to Czechoslovakia, 00.05.1946. Tried in Prague from 09.10.1946-23.10.1946 (sentenced to death). Shortly before his execution, he attempted suicide by slashing his wrists with broken glass. The following is excerpted from Dr. Leon Goldensohn's psychiatric assessment of Daluege (based on an interview conducted 26.01.1946);











"... Did he feel guilty of anything? 'No.' He was in charge of the police force of Germany, and everything had gone all right as far as he knew. The general impression he leaves is that he is insensitive, hard-boiled, capable of great ruthlessness, amoral, conscienceless.... Emotionally, he seems callous, affectless, unimaginative, and there is evidence of obsessive character.... He presents himself as being just an officeholder, the son of an officeholder; knows nothing about atrocities and so forth. It is clear that he would be the kind of executive who would neatly and obsessively be well informed about everything his forces did, and in fact exert a rigid control over them.... That it is fairly improbably to get much emotional response out of this man, I am convinced. There is a long-conditioned hardness, an outer shell which has been worn and used so long, probably nothing exists beneath it. Having dealt with force, violence, and easy dispositions of the lives of others, it is questionable as to how much value he puts on life in general, including his own in particular. This was not discussed with him, though it would be interesting to get some information on that point. Getting a sincere or emotionally meaningful answer from him is like trying to bail water from a long-dry well." (Source: Dr. Goldensohn, The Nuremberg Interviews, pp. 277-278)

Published Works:

Tag der deutschen Polizei 1934 (1935)

Nationalsozialistischer Kampf gegen das Verbrechertum (with assistance from Liebermann von Sonnenberg; 1936)






Decorations & Awards:

07.09.1943 Ritterkreuz des Kriegsverdienstkreuz mit Schwertern as SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer und Generaloberst der Polizei and Chef der Hauptamt Ordnungspolizei. The following is the “Supporting Document” for the award, submitted by Reichsführer-SS Himmler on 25.08.1943:

“Supporting Document

SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer Daluege has demonstrated the greatest efforts in the reorganization of the entire Ordnungspolizei, especially the establishment, after commencement of the war, of SS-Polizei-Regiments plus a Land- und Stadtwacht [Rural and Municipal Constabulary]. The resulting units have shown great promise in combating bandits and saboteurs at the front as well as in homeland areas. Special merit for SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer Daluege has been achieved through the taut organization of the police based air defense units, especially the Luftschutz-Polizei [Air Defense Police].

As a result of these efforts I consider him worthy of decoration with the Ritterkreuz des Kriegsverdienstkreuzes and request this award for him.”

10.09.1942 Deutsches Kreuz in Silber as SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer und Generaloberst der Polizei and Chef der Ordnungspolizei (based on the following recommendation dated 03.07.1942 and signed by Reichsführer-SS Himmler:

“I request the award of the Deutsche Kreuz in Silber for SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer und Generaloberst der Polizei Kurt Daluege.

In his capacity as Chef der Ordnungspolizei, SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer Daluege, who has already been decorated with the Kriegsverdienstkreuz 2. and 1. Klasse mit Schwertern, commands 270,000 men of the Police, the entire active and volunteer Feuerschutzpolizei, the Riesenorganisation des bisherigen Sicherheits- und Hilfsdienstes (today known as the Luftschutzpolizei), as well as the Technische Nothilfe.

Die Verbände des Generalobersten Daluege haben sich in diesem Winter als Frontverbände, obwohl sie für diesen Einsatz nicht ausgerüstet waren, an vielen Stellen der Front bewähren können. Seine Verbände in der Heimat haben den schweren Luftangriffen im Westen und Norden des Reiches in vorbildlicher Weise gearbeitet und an allen Stellen Gefahren abgewehrt und geholfen.

Die Schlagkraft der gesamten Ordnungspolizei ist in erster Linie das Verdienst dieses alten Nationalsozialisten und SS-Mannes, der sich durch seine aussergewöhnlichen Organisationsgaben und durch seinen, auch in schweren Zeiten niemals geschwundenen Mut und seine Tatkraft auszeichnet.

Ich bitte daher gehorsamst meinen Verleihungsvorschlag zu genehmigen.”

[signed] H.H.

f.d.R. [für die Richtigkeit / for the record] [Rudolf] Brandt”

00.00.191_ 1914 Eisernes Kreuz II. Klasse

20.04.1941 Kriegsverdienstkreuz I. Klasse mit Schwertern

30.01.1941 Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse mit Schwertern

00.00.1918 Verwundetenabzeichen, 1918 in Schwarz

ca. 1934 Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer

21.11.1939 Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Heimkehr des Memellandes

26.10.1939 Spange "Prager Burg" zur Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938

04.05.1939 Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938

21.11.1938 Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938

01.02.1934 Goldenes Ehrenzeichen der NSDAP

1941 or 1942 Dienstauszeichnung der NSDAP in Silber

30.01.1940 Dienstauszeichnung der NSDAP in Bronze

29.10.1936 Goldenes Gauehrenzeichen des Gaues Gross-Berlin der NSDAP

00.00.1929 Nürnberger Parteitagsabzeichen 1929

ca. 1931 Abzeichen des SA-Treffens Braunschweig 1931

00.00.1932 Frontbannabzeichen

31.08.1939 Kreuz von Danzig II. Klasse

29.10.1936 Deutsche Olympia-Ehrenzeichen I. Klasse

00.00.193_ Feuerwehr Ehrenzeichen II. Klasse

00.00.193_ Luftschutz Ehrenzeichen 1. Stufe

30.01.1938 Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes 1. Stufe

00.00.193_ Polizei-Dienstauszeichnungen

11.05.1934 Ehrendegen des Kameradschaftsbundes Deutscher Polizeibeamten

00.00.193_ Ehrendolch der SS

11.01.1934 Ehrendolch des Stabschefs der SA

15.09.1935 Ehrendegen des Reichsführers-SS

24.12.1933 Totenkopfring der SS

00.00.193_ SS-Zivilabzeichen (Nr. 1 119)

16.12.1935 Julleuchter der SS

00.00.193_ Ehrenwinkel für alte Kämpfer (SS)

18.10.1938 Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy

20.04.1937 Grand Officer Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy

19.10.1937 Honor Dagger of the Italian Fascist Militia (MSVN)(awarded to Daluege, Himmler, and Heydrich during their official visit to Rome)

22.06.1942 Grand Officer Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania

28.07.1943 Grand Cross of the Order of the Slovakian Cross

00.00.19__ Order of Merit 2nd Class (Hungary)

Notes:

Son of the mid-level civil servant (Generalkommissar-Sekretär and Landeskulturoberinspektor) Paul Daluege and his wife Laura, née Wecker. His older brother, Erich Daluege (born 10.06.1895; NSDAP-Nr. 11 463 / SS-Nr. 30 842) was promoted SS-Obersturmbannführer on 09.11.1937.

Religion: Protestant until 30.11.1936, then declared himself “gottgläubig.”

25 % disabled during World War I.

Married on 16.10.1926 to Käthe Schwarz (born 23.11.1901 in Bad Liebenwerda / Sachsen; NSDAP-Nr. 118 363; NS-Frauenschaft Nr.

1 077; NSV Nr. 1 957 819). Two sons (born 20.08.1938 and 12.07.1940), one daughter (born 12.05.1942), and one adopted son (born 06.03.1937).

Height: 6 ft., 3 in. (190 cm).

Sources:*

Gisevius, Hans Bernd:

To the Bitter End. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1947.

Kienast, Ministerialdirigent Ernst (Editor):

Der Grossdeutsche Reichstag, IV.Wahlperiode, Beginn am 10.04.1938 verlängert bis zum 30. Januar 1947. Berlin, November 1943.

Lilla, Joachim; Döring, Martin; & Schulz, Andreas:

Statisten in Uniform. Die Mitglieder des Reichstags 1933-1945. Droste Verlag, 2004.

Miller, Michael D.:

Leaders of the SS & German Police, Volume I: Reichsführer-SS-SS-Gruppenführer (Georg Ahrens to Karl Gutenberger). R. James Bender Publishing, 2006

National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland:

SS-Personalakte of Kurt Daluege. Microfilm document collection A3343SS

Nix, Phil:

Biographical Notes from the archives of Mr. Nix, Birmingham, England.

Schulz, Andreas & Zinke, Dr. Dieter:

Die Generale der Waffen-SS und der Polizei 1933-1945, Band I (Abraham-Gutenberger). Biblio-Verlag, 2003.

SS-Personalkanzlei and SS-Personalhauptamt:

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 1. Oktober 1934

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 1. Juli 1935

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 1. Dezember 1936

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 1. Dezember 1937

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 1. Dezember 1938

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 30. Januar 1942

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 20. April 1942

Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP, Stand vom 9. November 1944

Stockhorst, Erich:

5000 Köpfe: Wer war was im 3. Reich (3rd Edition). Arndt-Verlag, 1998.

Williams, Max:

The SS Leadership Corps, Volume I, A-E. Ulric of England, 2004.

Wistrich, Robert:

Who's Who in Nazi Germany. MacMillan, 1982.

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