What Time is it?
We measure so much activity or events by the Christian calender but is that enough?
Overcoming his confusion, it was not until my good friend had achieved his diploma in history that he understood his tutors declaration that the only accurate fact regarding history is the date of recorded events and any further information is firmly influenced by personal bias, religion, political overtone, or simple market forces. Yet further thought reveals that revelation is also inaccurate when considering the impact the Gregorian calender had on dates and anniversaries when adopted in1582.
The truth was, or so the Holy Roman See would have it, time was slipping by eleven minutes during the annual movement of the vernal equinox in a most inconvenient manner and altering the hard line requirements of marking religious anniversaries from an astrological point of reference to that more akin to Christian doctrine.
Three centuries after the death of Christ, Rome was undergoing a most disruptive, almost anarchic change in terms of governance. Dissatisfaction in the single role of Caesar was increasing whereby the prospect of creating and imposing a spiritual eminence made the adoption of Christianity both appealing perhaps even necessary. The persecution of Christians diminished and the word of God began to present an opportunity for centralised control from the newly augmented Holy Roman See of Rome.
Ascertaing a firm basis of control by religious leaders it was acknowledged that the expansion of a single belief system was more readily acceptable when prompted by adopting similarities of ancient belief systems and customs, to say nothing of simple plagiarism of pagan aspects including those of astrological orientation.
The prime directive of the all male council was jealously guarding their principle position which strongly influenced their selection of favoured gospels. Others that were excluded included those of Simon Peter, Mary Magdalene, and Judas Iscariot, (even accepting they were not considered the real authors who will probably never be identified, as in ancient times anonymous authors would sometimes ascribe their books to famous people in an effort to gain acceptance, publicity and written authority).
These prejudices gave no consideration to such discoveries in 1896 of the Gospel of Mary whereby the Professor of Divinity at Harvard Divinity School stated that the original gospel was presented in a 5th-century (papyrus. Codex) and written in Greek some time during the time of Christ, whereby learned scholars disagreed with her conclusion and dated it to the 2nd century, thus justifying its exclusion.
Thus, three centuries after Jesus lived, the First Council of Nicaea was given the task of separating divinely inspired writings from those in their dubious, questionable and in their opinion unsuitable origin. Such decisions being reached in an atmosphere of intolerance, persecution, jealousy and dissension. As far as Constantine was concerned he didn't care what they believed in as long as they agreed on a common core of belief following the dictate of one book of sacred writings. Furthermore securing absolute authority in the Church, encouraged by the ecclesiastic language of Latin.
Additional control would be administered through calculated censorship of gospel revelations on such things as reincarnation, secured further by the exclusion of supposed prophets and simply burning scrolls and books, extending to a known 300 versions of the Bible whilst superficially adopting elements of Hellenic paganism practised at that time in Rome and Greece.
On the matter of translating the Bible from Latin to English in the 16th century this introduction occurred in the worst place possible in Britain, where an indigenous dialect was under attack and English was little more than a second language. Strength of feeling burst into a peasant revolt in the Devonshire village of Sampford Courtenay, where, the day after the new prayer book came into force, the villagers demanded their priest refer back to the old Latin service book. Access to the word of God was secondary even though its rejection spread nationwide and far removed from the principle of a regional dialect.
Interestingly the power of Rome remained unchallenged in England until a single regent sought divorce and the ability to remarry to secure a son and heir. What many history books don't tell us is that according to the bible a man may not marry the widow of his brother Leviticus 21..14, therefore Henry's quest superseded the dictate of Rome where the Pope had no right to override Gods laws. Although not for the first time, Biblical accuracy was superimposed by Papal needs. Thus Henryâ€™s wife Catherine of Aragon was the former wife of his older brother Arthur and failed to bear him a son, and at the age of 42 Henryâ€™s illegitimate relationship with Ann Boleyns resulted in pregnancy. Catherine s dismissal and his second marriage precipitated the disillusionment of the monasteries along with highly profitable opportunities in purchasing confiscated lands and church properties to centralize a new religion in England with the regent being the head of the church.
Back to the question of time and establishing it as a solid means of measure for mainstream belief, Britain adopted the Gregorian calender in 1752 . This brought into line a variance of eleven days since the birth of Christ. It also paved the way for almost all the significant Christian anniversaries to concur quite conveniently whilst overlaying the greater majority firmly established days of the Pagan calender.
No longer would the populace pay homage to the Pagan Goddess Ostara, Easter and similarity of name would commemorate the crucifixion of Christ. As for the simple birth of the saviour, it was brought into line with the Winter Solstice founded around the pagan God Saturn. Whilst on a mundane level daily recollections of time would be measured by Pagan deities that give their names to days of the week.
However without wishing to embark further upon Biblical inaccuracies or idiosyncrasies I simply identify known facts to show history as the greater measure of time revolving around Christian doctrine is at very least prejudice, on top of which the blind faith of the 'creationist' lobby seem more than able to completely ignore or excuse the evidence of archaeological discoveries to a point that is sadly ridiculous. Proof on spiritual levels remain frustratingly distant and perhaps unique to the individual, whilst ecclesiastical frustration at this reality is further increased by recent scientific revelations linked to the evolution of man.
Archaeology has proven that ★★★★ sapiens lived at the same time as Neanderthal man and the Darwinian evolution of man is far less solid set in its quest for the 'missing link' appears to subside. Ironically if evolutionist were to regain lost ground it might well add fuel to racist claims of superiority albeit science has not declared predominant racial grouping or characteristics in recent discoveries, unless of course they have been silenced in the spirit of political correctness?
Insomuch as each of these introductory paragraphs deserve dedicated study and explanation, I hereby use the information simply to indicate just how unstable the foundation of acknowledged modern history really is and how time itself, when measured by the concepts of BC and AD is no accurate measure of anything outside of Christian doctrine. Time that is BC or AD is no more than a declaration of control, designation of instances according to those with the power of measure, by the same token it is commonly said that the past no longer exists and the future never has, therefore the only real time we can experience, is 'now'.